Author: Tim Strawbridge
Jan 14, 2021
There's nothing for horrifying to a user than going to a webpage and it taking forever to load. It's more important nowadays that your website is optimized for speed. There are some factors to account for and fortunately there's ways that we can monitor them.
This is the time that is takes for the web browser to receive the first byte of data from the web server. Whenever an HTTP request is made by the browser it has to establish a connection with the server. The time it takes for the server to respond with a small amount of data is called the time to first byte. The smaller the TTFB number, usually expressed in milliseconds (ms), the better. A value of 200ms is considered good, although the range of an ideal measurement is from 200 ~ 1000ms and anything over ~1000ms needs to be investigated.
The DOM (document object model) is the data representation of the structure of a webpage. It consists of the document, elements, nodes, a node list and attributes. The more DOM elements that a page has, the longer it is going to take for the browser to parse it.
First contentful paint is the time it takes for the browser to display the first available text, image, button or field on the page.
TTI is the time it takes for the resources to load in the browser and be able to respond to an event action.
Things you can do to improve TTI:
This is the time it takes for the largest piece of content on the page to load on the page. This is most likely an image or a video or even a very large piece of text. An ideal time for this metric is from 2 - 4 seconds. Any more than 4 seconds and it's time for some improvements to be made.
A layout shift is simply when an element on a page moves. You will see this when a user message that pops up. When this happens, it shifts the contents down. It's often unexpected to the user and also quite annoying. The cumulative layout shift is the sum of all the layout shift scores.
If you want to learn more and take advantage of what Lighthouse has to offer check out their GitHub page: Lighthouse
If you just want to run some of your own tests Lighthouse Web App